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Reil

Koblenz  |  Rheinland-Pfalz

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Johann Christian Reil (20 February 1759, Rhaude (an urban destrict of Rhauderfehn) – 22 November 1813, Halle an der Saale) was a German physician, physiologist, anatomist and psychiatrist. He coined the term psychiatry or, in German, Psychiatrie in 1808.

Medical conditions and anatomical features named after him include Reil's finger, Beau-Reil cross furrows on the fingernails and the Islands of Reil in the cerebral cortex. In 1809, he was the first to describe the white fibre tract now called the arcuate fasciculus. and the locus coeruleus.

From 1788 to 1810 he worked in a hospital in Halle, Germany. In 1795 Reil established the very first journal of psychology in German, the Archiv für die Physiologie. In 1810 he became one of the first university teachers of psychiatry when appointed professor of medicine in Berlin.

From 1802-1805 the poet Goethe visited Reil to discuss scientific matters such as psychiatry, as well as to access his skills as a physician.

Reil used the term 'psychiaterie' in a short-lived journal he set up with J.C. Hoffbauer, (1808: 169). He argued there should not just be a branch of medicine (psychische Medizin) or of theology or penal practice, but a discipline in its own right with trained practitioners. He also sought to publicize the plight of the insane in the asylums, and to develop a 'psychical' method of treatment, consistent with the moral treatment movement of the times. He was critical of Frenchman Philippe Pinel, however. Reil was mainly theoretical, with little direct clinical experience, by contrast with Pinel. Reil is considered a writer within the German Romantic context and his 1803 work ('Rhapsodies about applying the psychological method of treatment to mental breakdowns') has been called the most important document of Romantic psychiatry. Reil didn't conceptualize madness as just a break from reason but as a reflection of wider social conditions, and believed that advances in civilization created more madness. He saw this as due not to physical lesions in the brain or to hereditary evil, but as a disturbance in the harmony of the mind's functions (forms of awareness or presence), rooted in the nervous system.

Reil died in 1813 from typhus contracted while treating the wounded in the Battle of Leipzig, later known as the Battle of the Nations, one of the most severe confrontations of the Napoleonic Wars.

[Wiki]


Towns nearby

Kröv Bausendorf    (5 km)

Verbandsgemeinde Kröv Bausendorf    (5 km)

Traben Trarbach    (7 km)

Verbandsgemeinde Traben Trarbach    (8 km)


Smaller towns nearby

Reil Germany    (1 km)

Briedel    (3 km)

Enkirch    (4 km)

Kröv    (4 km)

Bullay    (6 km)

Kinderbeuern    (7 km)

Bad Bertrich    (8 km)

Bausendorf    (8 km)

Zeltingen Rachtig    (10 km)

Ediger Eller    (11 km)

Lieser    (13 km)

Maring Noviand    (13 km)

Monzelfeld    (13 km)

Mülheim    (13 km)

Blankenrath    (14 km)

Brauneberg    (15 km)

Bruttig Fankel    (15 km)

Büchenbeuren    (15 km)

Faid    (15 km)

Longkamp    (15 km)

Lutzerath    (15 km)

Altrich    (16 km)

Osann Monzel    (16 km)

Büchel    (17 km)

Sohren    (17 km)

Klotten    (18 km)

Mastershausen    (18 km)

Gillenfeld    (19 km)


Villages nearby

Burg    (very near)

Burg Bernkastel Wittlich    (2 km)

Pünderich    (2 km)

Alf    (4 km)

Alf Rhineland Palatinate    (4 km)

Bengel    (4 km)

Kinheim    (7 km)

Kinheim Germany    (7 km)

Starkenburg    (7 km)

Beuren Cochem Zell    (8 km)

Erden    (8 km)

Lösnich    (8 km)

Sankt Aldegund    (8 km)

Starkenburg Rhineland Palatinate    (8 km)

Bremm    (9 km)

Neef    (9 km)

Nehren Rhineland Palatinate    (9 km)

Ürzig    (9 km)

Beuren    (10 km)

Graach    (10 km)

Graach an der Mosel    (10 km)

Grenderich    (10 km)

Irmenach    (10 km)

Nehren    (10 km)

Senheim    (10 km)

Tellig    (10 km)

Altlay    (11 km)

Briedern    (11 km)

Hontheim    (11 km)

Mesenich    (11 km)

Moritzheim    (11 km)

Raversbeuren    (11 km)

Schauren Cochem Zell    (11 km)

Beilstein Rhineland Palatinate    (12 km)

Hahn    (12 km)

Hesweiler    (12 km)

Kliding    (12 km)

Lötzbeuren    (12 km)

Urschmitt    (12 km)

Walhausen    (12 km)

Dohr    (13 km)

Flußbach    (13 km)

Hahn Rhineland Palatinate    (13 km)

Niederscheidweiler    (13 km)

Panzweiler    (13 km)

Peterswald Löffelscheid    (13 km)

Platten    (13 km)

Weiler Cochem Zell    (13 km)

Belg    (14 km)

Ellenz Poltersdorf    (14 km)

Kleinich    (14 km)

Lautzenhausen    (14 km)

Liesenich    (14 km)

Mittelstrimmig    (14 km)

Platten Germany    (14 km)

Würrich    (14 km)

Bärenbach Rhein Hunsrück    (15 km)

Beilstein    (15 km)

Ernst Germany    (15 km)

Gevenich    (15 km)

Hasborn    (15 km)

Kommen    (15 km)

Mülheim an der Mosel    (15 km)

Oberscheidweiler    (15 km)

Reidenhausen    (15 km)

Strotzbüsch    (15 km)

Altstrimmig    (16 km)

Forst    (16 km)

Greimerath Bernkastel Wittlich    (16 km)

Haserich    (16 km)

Hirschfeld    (16 km)

Hochscheid    (16 km)

Immerath Rhineland Palatinate    (16 km)

Mückeln    (16 km)

Rödelhausen    (16 km)

Schwarzen    (16 km)

Valwig    (16 km)

Veldenz    (16 km)

Wahlenau    (16 km)

Burgen    (17 km)

Burgen Bernkastel Wittlich    (17 km)

Ernst    (17 km)

Gillenbeuren    (17 km)

Gornhausen    (17 km)

Hirschfeld Rhineland Palatinate    (17 km)

Horbruch    (17 km)

Kappel Rhineland Palatinate    (17 km)

Sosberg    (17 km)

Gipperath    (18 km)

Immerath    (18 km)

Kappel    (18 km)

Kesten    (18 km)

Kludenbach    (18 km)

Krummenau    (18 km)

Laufersweiler    (18 km)

Niederöfflingen    (18 km)

Niedersohren    (18 km)

Niederweiler    (18 km)

Ober Kostenz    (18 km)

Plein    (18 km)

Schmitt    (18 km)

Strohn    (18 km)

Winkel Rhineland Palatinate    (18 km)

Wollmerath    (18 km)

Alflen    (19 km)

Greimersburg    (19 km)

Laufeld    (19 km)

Metzenhausen    (19 km)

Mörsdorf    (19 km)

Nieder Kostenz    (19 km)

Oberöfflingen    (19 km)

Schmitt Germany    (19 km)

Wallscheid    (19 km)

Winkel    (19 km)

Wintrich    (19 km)

Buch Rhein Hunsrück    (20 km)


Other locations nearby

Barl    (3 km)

Höllenthal    (4 km)

Kaimt    (4 km)

Kövenig    (4 km)

Neumerl    (4 km)

Springiersbach    (4 km)

Wolf    (4 km)

Merl    (5 km)

Engelsberg    (6 km)

Hetzhof    (6 km)

Rißbach    (6 km)

Bonsbeuren    (7 km)

Kindel    (7 km)

Litzig    (7 km)

Cond    (8 km)

Kautenbach    (8 km)

Krinkhof    (9 km)

Briedeler Heck    (10 km)

Ediger    (10 km)

Eller    (10 km)

Kennfus    (10 km)

Olkenbach    (10 km)

Rachtig    (10 km)

Senhals    (10 km)

Wehlen    (10 km)

Wispelt    (10 km)

Zeltingen    (10 km)

Kues    (11 km)

Machern    (11 km)

Diefenbach    (12 km)

Peterswald    (12 km)

Andel    (13 km)

Belingen    (13 km)

Bombogen    (13 km)

Brauheck    (13 km)

Dorf    (13 km)

Ilsbach    (13 km)

Maring    (13 km)

Noviand    (13 km)

Pilmeroth    (13 km)

Poltersdorf    (13 km)

Siebenborn    (13 km)

Wahlholz    (13 km)

Wengerohr    (13 km)

Willwerscheid    (13 km)

Ellenz    (14 km)

Emmeroth    (14 km)

Löffelscheid    (14 km)

Sehl    (14 km)

Thalkleinich    (14 km)

Bruttig    (15 km)

Driesch    (15 km)

Ebernach    (15 km)

Fankel    (15 km)

Götzeroth    (15 km)

Hahnenstein    (15 km)

Lüxem    (15 km)

Annenberg    (16 km)

Büscheid    (16 km)

Monzel    (16 km)

Neufilzen    (16 km)

Oberkleinich    (16 km)

Osann    (16 km)

Thalveldenz    (16 km)

Trautzberg    (16 km)

Wagenhausen Rhineland Palatinate    (16 km)

Valwigerberg    (17 km)

Wederath    (17 km)

Burgenfahls    (18 km)

Dierfeld    (18 km)

Engelport    (18 km)

Gonzerath    (18 km)

Haardt    (18 km)

Helvetia    (18 km)

Leideneck    (18 km)

Todenroth    (18 km)

Wagenhausen    (18 km)

Filz    (19 km)

Hinzerath    (19 km)

Hirzlei    (19 km)

Niederwinkel    (19 km)

Oberwinkel    (19 km)

Krastel    (20 km)

Völkenroth    (20 km)

Wohnroth    (20 km)


Landmarks nearby

Grevenburg    (8 km)

St Hilarius    (10 km)

Metternich castle    (13 km)

Schloss Lieser    (13 km)

Reichsburg Cochem    (14 km)

Wallfahrtskirche Mater Dolorosa    (15 km)

Schloss Veldenz    (16 km)

Ruine Balwinseck    (19 km)