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Erfurt

Thüringen  |  Thüringen

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View over Erfurt

Erfurt (German pronunciation: [ˈɛʁfʊʁt]) is the capital city of Thuringia and the main city nearest to the geographical centre of modern Germany, located 100 kilometres (62 miles) south-west of Leipzig, 150 km (93 miles) north of Nuremberg and 180 km (112 miles) south east of Hanover. Together with neighboring cities Weimar and Jena it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately 400,000 inhabitants. Notable institutions in Erfurt are the Federal Labour Court of Germany, the University of Erfurt and the Fachhochschule Erfurt as well as the Roman Catholic Diocese of Erfurt with Erfurt Cathedral as one of the main sights. Further famous buildings are the Krämerbrücke, a bridge completely covered with dwellings, and Erfurt Synagogue which was established in the 11th century and is the oldest standing synagogue in Europe. Furthermore, the medieval city centre consists of old timber-framed houses and about 25 Gothic churches.

Erfurt was first mentioned in 742, as Saint Boniface founded the diocese. Although the town did not belong to one of the Thuringian states politically, it quickly became the economic centre of the region. Until the Napoleonic era it was part of the Electorate of Mainz and afterwards it belonged to Prussia until 1945. The university was founded in 1392, closed in 1816 and reestablished after German reunification in 1994. It is one of the oldest universities in Germany. Martin Luther was the most famous student of the institution. Other famous Erfurtians are the medieval theologian Meister Eckhart, the Baroque composer Johann Pachelbel, the sociologist Max Weber and Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann, the most successful speed skater of all time.

The city's economy is based on agriculture, horticulture and microelectronics. Its central location has led to it becoming a logistics hub for Germany and central Europe. Erfurt hosts the second-largest trade fair in eastern Germany (after Leipzig) as well as public television's children’s channel KiKa.

Erfurt lies in the southern part of the Thuringian Basin, within the wide valley of the Gera river.

[Wiki]


Towns nearby

Berliner Platz    (4 km)

Ichtershausen    (11 km)

Nesse Apfelstädt    (11 km)

Drei Gleichen    (16 km)

Amt Wachsenburg    (19 km)


Smaller towns nearby

Ingersleben    (9 km)

Ingersleben Thuringia    (9 km)

Kirchheim    (10 km)

Kirchheim Thuringia    (10 km)

Klettbach    (11 km)

Mönchenholzhausen    (11 km)

Neudietendorf    (11 km)

Niederzimmern    (11 km)

Elxleben    (12 km)

Riethnordhausen    (12 km)

Walschleben    (12 km)

Witterda    (12 km)

Großrudestedt    (13 km)

Grabsleben    (14 km)

Nohra    (14 km)

Wandersleben    (15 km)

Dachwig    (16 km)

Haßleben    (16 km)

Schloßvippach    (16 km)

Friemar    (17 km)

Gebesee    (17 km)

Molschleben    (17 km)

Seebergen    (17 km)

Wachsenburggemeinde    (17 km)

Kranichfeld    (18 km)

Berlstedt    (19 km)

Döllstädt    (19 km)


Villages nearby

Azmannsdorf    (6 km)

Rockhausen    (8 km)

Töttleben    (8 km)

Kleinmölsen    (9 km)

Großmölsen    (10 km)

Nöda    (10 km)

Gamstädt    (11 km)

Udestedt    (11 km)

Utzberg    (11 km)

Zimmernsupra    (11 km)

Bechstedtstraß    (12 km)

Alperstedt    (13 km)

Bienstädt    (13 km)

Eckstedt    (13 km)

Elleben    (13 km)

Hopfgarten Thuringia    (13 km)

Isseroda    (13 km)

Nottleben    (13 km)

Ollendorf    (13 km)

Ottstedt am Berge    (13 km)

Alkersleben    (14 km)

Andisleben    (14 km)

Elxleben Ilm Kreis    (14 km)

Gierstädt    (14 km)

Gutendorf    (14 km)

Hohenfelden    (14 km)

Nauendorf Thuringia    (14 km)

Osthausen Wülfershausen    (14 km)

Ottstedt a Berge    (14 km)

Markvippach    (15 km)

Pferdingsleben    (15 km)

Ringleben    (15 km)

Tonndorf    (15 km)

Tröchtelborn    (15 km)

Ballstedt    (16 km)

Bösleben Wüllersleben    (16 km)

Daasdorf am Berge    (16 km)

Dornheim    (16 km)

Haarhausen    (16 km)

Hottelstedt    (16 km)

Troistedt    (16 km)

Tüttleben    (16 km)

Daasdorf a Berge    (17 km)

Großfahner    (17 km)

Hopfgarten    (17 km)

Vippachedelhausen    (17 km)

Henschleben    (18 km)

Neumark Thuringia    (18 km)

Werningshausen    (18 km)

Schwerstedt    (19 km)

Schwerstedt Sömmerda    (19 km)

Witzleben    (19 km)

Ettersburg    (20 km)

Hetschburg    (20 km)

Ramsla    (20 km)

Sprötau    (20 km)

Wundersleben    (20 km)


Other locations nearby

Amoklauf von Erfurt    (1 km)

Erfurt massacre    (1 km)

Gunda Niemann Stirnemann Halle    (1 km)

Cyriaksburg Siedlung    (2 km)

Steigerwaldstadion    (2 km)

Dittelstedt    (3 km)

Ilversgehofen    (3 km)

Astana    (4 km)

Marbach    (4 km)

Melchendorf    (4 km)

Neuschmidtstedt    (4 km)

Peterborn    (4 km)

Bischleben    (5 km)

Gispersleben    (5 km)

Linderbach    (5 km)

Rhoda    (5 km)

Schmira    (5 km)

Urbich    (5 km)

Windischholzhausen    (5 km)

Bindersleben    (6 km)

Büßleben    (6 km)

Gispersleben Kiliani    (6 km)

Kerspleben    (6 km)

Möbisburg    (6 km)

Niedernissa    (6 km)

Salomonsborn    (6 km)

Sulzer Siedlung    (6 km)

Alach    (7 km)

Egstedt    (7 km)

Gispersleben Viti    (7 km)

Rohda    (7 km)

Waltersleben    (7 km)

Bechstedt Wagd    (8 km)

Gottstedt    (8 km)

Hochstedt    (8 km)

Kühnhausen    (8 km)

Mittelhausen    (8 km)

Schaderode    (8 km)

Schwerborn    (8 km)

Tiefthal    (8 km)

Frienstedt    (9 km)

Molsdorf    (9 km)

Obernissa    (9 km)

Schellroda    (9 km)

Stotternheim    (9 km)

Vieselbach    (9 km)

Dietendorf    (10 km)

Eischleben    (10 km)

Ermstedt    (10 km)

Friedrichsdorf    (10 km)

Hayn    (10 km)

Sohnstedt    (10 km)

Wallichen    (10 km)

Werningsleben    (10 km)

Eichelborn    (11 km)

Gügleben    (11 km)

Kleinrettbach    (11 km)

Kornhochheim    (11 km)

Thörey    (11 km)

Töttelstädt    (11 km)

Riechheim    (12 km)

Schwansee    (12 km)

Arnshall    (13 km)

Großrettbach    (13 km)

Kleinrudestedt    (13 km)

Meckfeld    (13 km)

Rudisleben    (13 km)

Rehestädt    (14 km)

Sülzenbrücken    (14 km)

Bachstedt    (15 km)

Cobstädt    (15 km)

Ettischleben    (15 km)

Kleinfahner    (15 km)

Osthausen    (15 km)

Wülfershausen    (15 km)

Dielsdorf    (16 km)

Ulla    (16 km)

Achelstädt    (17 km)

Angelhausen    (17 km)

Bösleben    (17 km)

Gaberndorf    (17 km)

Holzhausen    (17 km)

Kranichborn    (17 km)

Marlishausen    (17 km)

Obergrunstedt    (17 km)

Oberndorf    (17 km)

Schoppendorf    (17 km)

Siedlung Gebesee    (17 km)

Tiefengruben    (17 km)

Tröbsdorf    (17 km)

Wachsenburg    (17 km)

Bittstädt    (18 km)

Holzdorf    (18 km)

Niedergrunstedt    (18 km)

Ottmannshausen    (18 km)

Röhrensee    (18 km)

Stedten    (18 km)

Wüllersleben    (18 km)

Ellichleben    (19 km)

Gelmeroda    (19 km)

Hausen    (19 km)

Legefeld    (19 km)

Lützendorf    (19 km)

Mühlberg Thuringia    (19 km)

Ringhofen    (19 km)

Schallenburg    (19 km)

Stedten am Ettersberg    (19 km)

Thalborn    (19 km)

Zschöpperitz    (19 km)

Kindleben    (20 km)

Tannroda    (20 km)

Vehra    (20 km)

Wechmar    (20 km)


Landmarks nearby

Augustinerkloster    (very near)

Bundesarbeitsgericht    (very near)

DomStufen Festspiele    (very near)

Labour Court of Germany    (very near)

J A Topf & Söhne    (2 km)

Topf and Sons    (2 km)

KiKA    (3 km)

Maschinenfabrik Christian Hagans    (4 km)

Konzentrationslager Buchenwald    (16 km)

Burg Gleichen    (17 km)

Gleichen    (17 km)

Käfernburg    (18 km)

Schloss und Park Ettersburg    (18 km)


Churches nearby

Predigerkirche    (very near)