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Valdivia  |  Los Lagos

View of Valdivia from Pedro de Valdivia Bridge

Valdivia (Spanish pronunciation: [balˈd̪iβja]) is a city and commune in southern Chile, administered by the Municipality of Valdivia. The city is named after its founder Pedro de Valdivia and is located at the confluence of the Calle-Calle, Valdivia, and Cau-Cau Rivers, approximately 15 km (9 mi) east of the coastal towns of Corral and Niebla. Since October 2007, Valdivia has been the capital of Los Ríos Region and is also the capital of Valdivia Province. The national census of 2002 census recorded the commune of Valdivia as having 140,559 inhabitants (Valdivianos), of whom 127,750 were living in the city. The main economic activities of Valdivia include tourism, wood pulp manufacturing, forestry, metallurgy, and beer production. The city is also the home of the Austral University of Chile, founded in 1954, and the Centro de Estudios Científicos.

The city of Valdivia and the Chiloé Archipelago were once the two southernmost outliers of the Spanish Empire. From 1645 to 1740 the city depended directly on the Viceroyalty of Peru, which financed the building of the Valdivian fort system that turned Valdivia into one of the most fortified cities of the New World. In the second half of 19th century, Valdivia was the port of entry for German immigrants who were given land and settled in the surrounding areas.

In 1960 Valdivia was severely damaged by the Great Chilean Earthquake, the most powerful earthquake ever recorded at magnitude 9.5. Debris and destroyed buildings from the earthquake can still be found in the suburban areas. In addition, land subsidence and sediments have resulted in complex navigation challenges on the local rivers and in some areas, ruins of buildings are visible from the water.


Smaller towns nearby

Las Gaviotas    (6 km)

Niebla    (20 km)

Villages nearby

El Arenal    (6 km)

Villa Europa    (6 km)

Torobayo    (8 km)

Pishuinco    (10 km)

Antilhue    (18 km)

Other locations nearby

Collico    (3 km)

Hueyelhue    (4 km)

Vista Alegre    (5 km)

Angachilla    (6 km)

El Bosque    (6 km)

Las Fanegas    (6 km)

Paillao    (6 km)

Caucau    (7 km)

Teja Sur    (7 km)

Piedra Blanca    (8 km)

Silos de Torobayo    (8 km)

El Molino    (9 km)

Los Notros    (9 km)

Toro Bayo    (9 km)

El Bolsón    (12 km)

Pichal Viejo    (12 km)

Callecalle    (14 km)

Aguas del Obispo    (15 km)

Punucapa    (16 km)

Miraflores    (17 km)

Manzano    (19 km)

Landmarks nearby

Kunstmann    (9 km)

Churches nearby

Catedral de Valdivia    (6 km)