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Bennington  |  Vermont

Clockwise from top: the city seen from a distance, Beetham Tower, Manchester Civil Justice Centre, Midland Hotel, One Angel Square, Manchester Town Hall

Coordinates: 53°28′N 2°14′W / 53.467°N 2.233°W / 53.467; -2.233

Manchester (/ˈmænɪstə/) is a city in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 514,417 in 2013. Located in the United Kingdom's second most populous urban area, which has a population of 2.55 million, Manchester is in the south-central part of North West England, fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council.

The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium, a variant of which name is preserved by the city's demonym: residents are still referred to as Mancunians (/mæŋkˈjuːnɪənz/). The Roman fort was established around AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell. Historically part of Lancashire, although areas of Cheshire, south of the River Mersey were incorporated into the city during the 20th century. Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a manorial township but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century. Manchester's unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, and resulted in it becoming the world's first industrialised city.

The building of the Bridgewater Canal in 1761 built to transport coal triggered an early 19th century factory building boom which transformed Manchester from a township into a major mill town. The Peterloo Massacre in 1819 and establishment of the Anti-Corn Law League in 1838 elevated Manchester's importance which eventually culminated in city status in 1853 – thus becoming the first new British city in over 300 years and cementing Manchester's position as the world's first industrial city. In 1877, Manchester Town Hall was built and in 1894 the Manchester Ship Canal, at the time the longest river navigation canal in the world, opened, creating the Port of Manchester and linking the city to sea. Manchester's fortunes decreased after the Second World War due to deindustrialisation. However, investment spurred by the 1996 Manchester bombing, which remains the most financially expensive terrorist attack surpassed only by the September 11 attacks, led to extensive regeneration which continues to this day.

The city is notable for its architecture, culture, musical exports, media links, scientific and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections. Manchester was the site of the world's first railway station and is where scientists first split the atom, and developed the first stored-program computer. Recognised as a bold, independently minded city, Manchester is also regarded as the birthplace of women's suffrage in the United Kingdom, and both capitalism and communism. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels began to write the Communist Manifesto at Chetham Library, the oldest public library in the English-speaking world.

Today Manchester is ranked as a beta world city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network and is consequently the highest ranked British city outside of London. Its metropolitan economy is the third largest in the United Kingdom with an estimated PPP GDP of US$88.3 billion as of 2012. Manchester is the third-most visited city in the UK by foreign visitors, after London and Edinburgh.


Smaller towns nearby

Manchester Center    (5 km)

Arlington    (10 km)

Arlington Vermont    (10 km)

Dorset    (13 km)

Villages nearby

Sunderland    (4 km)

Sandgate    (10 km)

Winhall    (14 km)

Rupert    (18 km)

Stratton    (18 km)

Peru    (19 km)

Other locations nearby

Richville    (3 km)

Mountain View Estates    (4 km)

Bourne Brook    (5 km)

Haines Manor    (5 km)

Manchester Depot    (5 km)

Barnumville    (7 km)

Beartown    (7 km)

Chiselville    (9 km)

South Dorset    (9 km)

East Arlington    (10 km)

East Kansas    (10 km)

Kansas    (10 km)

East Dorset    (12 km)

West Arlington    (12 km)

MacIntyre    (13 km)

Bromley Village    (14 km)

Freedleyville    (14 km)

Stratton Mountain    (14 km)

West Sandgate    (14 km)

East Rupert    (15 km)

Fayville    (15 km)

Stratton Valley    (15 km)

Vermont Ventures    (15 km)

Glastenbury    (16 km)

Intervale    (16 km)

Piper Ridge    (16 km)

Stratton Acres    (16 km)

Strattonwald    (16 km)

Bondville    (17 km)

Forest Farms    (17 km)

French Hollow    (17 km)

North Dorset    (17 km)

Stocker Acres    (17 km)

West Rupert    (17 km)

Hidden Valley    (18 km)

North Rupert    (18 km)

Pikes Falls    (19 km)

Rawsonville    (19 km)

Eagleville    (20 km)

Landmarks nearby

Ye Olde Tavern    (5 km)

Churches nearby

Congregational Church    (3 km)

Conversion of Saint Paul Catholic Church    (5 km)

Northshire Baptist Fellowship    (5 km)

Sunderland Church    (5 km)

Zion Episcopal Church    (5 km)

Israel Congregational Synagogue    (7 km)

Sandgate Methodist Church    (9 km)

East Arlington Federated Church    (10 km)

Redeemer Lutheran Church    (10 km)

Saint James Episcopal Church    (10 km)

East Dorset Congregational Church    (12 km)

West Arlington Methodist Church    (12 km)

Saint Jeromes Church    (13 km)

Saint Jeromes Episcopal Church    (13 km)

Chapel of the Snows    (14 km)

Disciples of Christ Church    (17 km)

Peru Congregational Church    (18 km)