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Troy

Clearfield  |  Pennsylvania

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Walls of Troy (2).jpg

Troy (Ancient Greek: Ἴλιον, Ilion, or Ἴλιος, Ilios; and Τροία, Troia; Latin: Trōia and Īlium; Hittite: Wilusa or Truwisa; Turkish: Truva) was a city situated in what is known from Classical sources as Asia Minor, now northwest Anatolia in modern Turkey, located south of the southwest end of the Dardanelles/Hellespont and northwest of Mount Ida at Hisarlık. It is the setting of the Trojan War described in the Greek Epic Cycle and especially in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems attributed to Homer. Metrical evidence from the Iliad and the Odyssey seems to show that the name Ἴλιον (Ilion) formerly began with a digamma: Ϝίλιον (Wilion). This was later supported by the Hittite form Wilusa.

A new capital called Ilium was founded on the site in the reign of the Roman Emperor Augustus. It flourished until the establishment of Constantinople and declined gradually during the Byzantine era.

In 1865, English archaeologist Frank Calvert excavated trial trenches in a field he had bought from a local farmer at Hisarlık, and in 1868, Heinrich Schliemann, a wealthy German businessman and archaeologist, also began excavating in the area after a chance meeting with Calvert in Çanakkale. These excavations revealed several cities built in succession. Schliemann was at first skeptical about the identification of Hisarlik with Troy, but was persuaded by Calvert and took over Calvert's excavations on the eastern half of the Hisarlik site, which was on Calvert's property. Troy VII has been identified with the Hittite city Wilusa, the probable origin of the Greek Ἴλιον, and is generally (but not conclusively) identified with Homeric Troy.

Today, the hill at Hisarlik has given its name to a small village near the ruins, supporting the tourist trade visiting the Troia archaeological site. It lies within the province of Çanakkale, some 30 km south-west of the provincial capital, also called Çanakkale. The nearest village is Tevfikiye. The map here shows the adapted Scamander estuary with Ilium a little way inland across the Homeric plain.

Troia was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1998.

[Wiki]


Smaller towns nearby

Philipsburg    (2 km)

Decatur Township    (3 km)

Morris Township    (4 km)

Graham Township    (8 km)

Osceola Mills Pennsylvania    (8 km)

Osceola Mills    (9 km)

Boggs Township    (13 km)

Cooper Township    (13 km)

Bradford Township    (15 km)

Woodward Township    (15 km)

Huston Township    (17 km)


Villages nearby

Hawk Run    (1 km)

North Philipsburg    (1 km)

North Philipsburg Pennsylvania    (1 km)

Chester Hill    (3 km)

Chester Hill Pennsylvania    (3 km)

South Philipsburg    (3 km)

South Philipsburg Pennsylvania    (3 km)

Morrisdale    (4 km)

Allport    (6 km)

Allport Pennsylvania    (6 km)

West Decatur    (6 km)

Wallaceton    (8 km)

Wallaceton Pennsylvania    (8 km)

Kylertown    (10 km)

Bigler    (11 km)

Sandy Ridge    (11 km)

Sandy Ridge Pennsylvania    (12 km)

Grassflat    (13 km)

Worth Township    (13 km)

Brisbin    (14 km)

Brisbin Pennsylvania    (14 km)

Houtzdale    (15 km)

Houtzdale Pennsylvania    (15 km)

Taylor Township    (17 km)

Port Matilda    (19 km)

Port Matilda Pennsylvania    (19 km)


Other locations nearby

Loch Lomond Junction    (2 km)

Philipsburg Centre County Pennsylvania    (2 km)

Pleasant Hill    (2 km)

Cuba Mines    (3 km)

Graham    (3 km)

Pardee    (3 km)

Decaturville    (4 km)

Gearhartville    (4 km)

Hudson    (4 km)

Coaldale    (5 km)

Glass City    (5 km)

New Liberty    (5 km)

Oak Grove    (5 km)

Victor    (5 km)

Blue Ball    (6 km)

Casanova    (6 km)

Munson    (6 km)

Drane    (7 km)

Stumptown    (7 km)

New Town    (8 km)

Winburne    (8 km)

Earnestville    (9 km)

Scotch Hollow    (9 km)

Spike Island    (9 km)

Edendale    (10 km)

Huckenberry    (10 km)

Lanse    (10 km)

Ashland    (11 km)

Beaverton    (11 km)

Burly    (11 km)

New Castle    (11 km)

Newtown    (11 km)

Penn Five    (11 km)

Dale    (12 km)

Palestine    (12 km)

Parsonsville    (12 km)

Fairview    (13 km)

Goss Run Junction    (13 km)

Pine Top    (13 km)

Flat Rock    (14 km)

Jeffries    (14 km)

Spring Valley    (14 km)

Sterling    (14 km)

Sylvan Grove    (14 km)

Woodland    (14 km)

Beaver Mills    (15 km)

Drifting    (15 km)

Henderson    (15 km)

Mineral Springs    (15 km)

Peale    (15 km)

Sanborn    (15 km)

Cooper Settlement    (16 km)

Gallows Harbor    (16 km)

West Moshannon    (16 km)

Atlantic    (17 km)

Bishtown    (17 km)

Gorton    (17 km)

Mascot    (17 km)

Mowry    (17 km)

Needful    (17 km)

Rolling Stone    (17 km)

Whiteside    (17 km)

Amesville    (18 km)

Barrett    (18 km)

Clearfield Junction    (18 km)

Coudley    (18 km)

Faunce    (18 km)

Hale    (18 km)

Kendrick    (18 km)

Krebs    (18 km)

Mount Hope    (18 km)

Bald Hill    (19 km)

Egypt    (19 km)

Gardner    (19 km)

Golden Rod Farms    (19 km)

Guenot Settlement    (19 km)

Hannah    (19 km)

Morann    (19 km)

Walton    (19 km)

Booker    (20 km)

Lecontes Mills    (20 km)

Martha Furnace    (20 km)

Surveyor    (20 km)


Landmarks nearby

Black Moshannon Observatory    (18 km)


Churches nearby

Chapel of the Good Shepherd    (1 km)

Butterworth Grove Free Methodist Church    (5 km)

Oak Grove United Methodist Church    (5 km)

Summit Hill Church    (6 km)

Center Hill Church    (7 km)

Centre United Methodist Church    (7 km)

Saint Johns Church    (7 km)

New Fellowship Chapel    (8 km)

Coal Run Church    (10 km)

Messiah Church    (10 km)

House of Prayer Church    (11 km)

Ohio United Methodist Church    (11 km)

New Castle United Methodist Church    (12 km)

Palestine Church    (12 km)

Dale Church    (13 km)

Sylvan Grove Church    (13 km)

Brisbin Baptist Church    (14 km)

Jeffries Church    (14 km)

Lake Street United Methodist Church    (14 km)

Blackoak Church    (15 km)

Bradford Church    (15 km)

Christ the King Church    (15 km)

Sanborn Church of God    (15 km)

Sanborn United Methodist Church    (15 km)

United Methodist Church Of Houtzdale    (15 km)

Pleasant Valley Church    (16 km)

Mount Pleasant Church    (17 km)

New Birth Church    (18 km)

Egypt Church    (19 km)

Moshannon Valley Baptist Church    (20 km)

Saint Marys Church    (20 km)