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Buchanan  |  Iowa

Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory. The opposite of independence is a dependent territory. Independence does not necessarily mean freedom.

Whether the attainment of independence is different from revolution has long been contested, and has often been debated over the question of violence as a legitimate means to achieving sovereignty. While some revolutions seek and achieve national independence, others aim only to redistribute power — with or without an element of emancipation, such as in democratization — within a state, which as such may remain unaltered. Nation-states have been granted independence without any revolutionary acts. The Russian October Revolution, for example, was not intended to seek national independence (though it merely transformed government for much of the former Russian Empire, it did result in independence for Finland and Poland). However, the American Revolutionary War was intended to achieve independence from the beginning.

Autonomy refers to a kind of independence which has been granted by an overseeing authority that itself still retains ultimate authority over that territory (see Devolution). A protectorate refers to an autonomous region that depends upon a larger government for its protection as an autonomous region. The dates of established independence (or, less commonly, the commencement of revolution), are typically celebrated as a national holiday known as an independence day.

Sometimes, a state wishing to achieve independence from a dominating power will issue a declaration of independence; the earliest surviving example is Scotland's Declaration of Arbroath in 1320, with the most recent example being Azawad's declaration of independence in 2012. Declaring independence and attaining it however, are quite different. A well-known successful example is the U.S. Declaration of Independence issued in 1776.

Historically, there have been three major periods of declaring independence:

  • from 1776 to the Revolutions of 1848 in Europe;
  • the immediate aftermath of the First World War following the breakup of the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires;
  • and 1945 to 1979, when seventy newly independent states emerged from the European colonial empires.

Causes for a country or province wishing to seek independence are many. The means can extend from peaceful demonstrations, like in the case of the Indian independence movement, to a violent civil war.


Towns nearby

Independence Iowa    (very near)

Smaller towns nearby

Sumner Township    (4 km)

Washington Township    (6 km)

Byron Township    (11 km)

Liberty Township    (11 km)

Perry Township    (11 km)

Jesup    (13 km)

Jesup Iowa    (13 km)

Hazleton Township    (15 km)

Fairbank Township    (18 km)

Villages nearby

Westburg Township    (10 km)

Rowley    (11 km)

Rowley Iowa    (11 km)

Homer Township    (13 km)

Quasqueton    (14 km)

Quasqueton Iowa    (14 km)

Winthrop    (14 km)

Winthrop Iowa    (14 km)

Cono Township    (17 km)

Hazleton    (17 km)

Hazleton Iowa    (17 km)

Jefferson Township    (17 km)

Brandon    (18 km)

Brandon Iowa    (18 km)

Buffalo Township    (18 km)

Fox Township    (18 km)

Other locations nearby

Pine Ridge Mobile Home Court    (2 km)

Gatesville    (6 km)

Otterville    (6 km)

Doris    (8 km)

Vista    (9 km)

Wise    (10 km)

Midway Trailer Court    (12 km)

Bryantsburg    (13 km)

Littleton    (13 km)

North Street Mobile Home Park    (13 km)

Ben Haven Mobile Home Park    (14 km)

Shady Grove    (16 km)

Hamerville    (17 km)

Jubilee    (19 km)

Spencers Grove    (20 km)

Churches nearby

Assembly of God Church    (1 km)

Baptist Church    (1 km)

Cornerstone Foursquare Church    (1 km)

Freedom Baptist Church    (1 km)

Grace Evangelical Church    (very near)

Independence United Methodist Church    (1 km)

Living Water Church    (1 km)

Our Redeemer Church    (1 km)

Saint James Episcopal Church    (1 km)

Saint John s Catholic Church    (1 km)

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints    (very near)

Bethel Baptist Church    (2 km)

Hope Wesleyan Church    (2 km)

Immanuel Lutheran Church    (2 km)

United Pentecostal Church    (2 km)

Hall    (3 km)

Pine Creek Mission Church    (11 km)

Presbyterian Church    (11 km)

United Methodist Church    (11 km)

Conservative Baptist Church    (13 km)

Faith Bible Fellowship    (13 km)

Saint Athanasius Church    (13 km)

Saint Patrick s Church    (14 km)

Union Protestant Community Church    (14 km)

United Church of Christ    (14 km)

Brandon United Methodist Church    (18 km)

Saint Mary s Catholic Church    (18 km)

Trinity United Methodist Church    (18 km)

Bible Church    (19 km)

Bible Presbyterian Church    (19 km)

Zion Lutheran Church    (19 km)