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Baptist Church

Cumberland  |  Illinois

From "Baptizing in the Jordan" by Silas X. Floyd (1869-1923)

Baptists are individuals who comprise a group of denominations and churches that subscribe to a doctrine that baptism should be performed only for professing believers (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism), and that it must be done by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling). Other tenets of Baptist churches include soul competency (liberty), salvation through faith alone, Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, and the autonomy of the local congregation. Baptists recognize two ministerial offices, pastors and deacons. Baptist churches are widely considered to be Protestant churches, though some Baptists disavow this identity.

Diverse from their beginning, those identifying as Baptists today differ widely from one another in what they believe, how they worship, their attitudes toward other Christians, and their understanding of what is important in Christian discipleship.

Historians trace the earliest church labeled "Baptist" back to 1609 in Amsterdam, with English Separatist John Smyth as its pastor. In accordance with his reading of the New Testament, he rejected baptism of infants and instituted baptism only of believing adults. Baptist practice spread to England, where the General Baptists considered Christ's atonement to extend to all people, while the Particular Baptists believed that it extended only to the elect. In 1638, Roger Williams established the first Baptist congregation in the North American colonies. In the mid-18th century, the First Great Awakening increased Baptist growth in both New England and the South. The Second Great Awakening in the South in the early 19th century increased church membership, as did the preachers' lessening of support for abolition and manumission of slavery, which had been part of the 18th-century teachings. Baptist missionaries have spread their church to every continent.

The Baptist World Alliance reports more than 41 million members in more than 150,000 congregations. In 2002, there were over 100 million Baptists and Baptistic group members worldwide and over 33 million in North America. The largest Baptist association is the Southern Baptist Convention, with the membership of associated churches totaling more than 16 million.


Smaller towns nearby

Greenup    (7 km)

Greenup Township    (9 km)

Pleasant Grove Township    (14 km)

Neoga    (19 km)

Neoga Illinois    (19 km)

Villages nearby

Jewett    (7 km)

Jewett Illinois    (7 km)

Cottonwood Township    (8 km)

Woodbury Township    (10 km)

Union Township    (13 km)

Hidalgo    (15 km)

Hidalgo Illinois    (15 km)

Grove Township    (16 km)

Montrose    (16 km)

Montrose Illinois    (16 km)

Lerna    (17 km)

Lerna Illinois    (17 km)

Other locations nearby

Bradbury    (6 km)

Greenup Illinois    (8 km)

Dees    (9 km)

Neal    (9 km)

Walla Walla    (9 km)

Woodbury    (10 km)

Janesville    (11 km)

Johnstown    (11 km)

Liberty Hill    (11 km)

Timothy    (11 km)

Roslyn    (12 km)

Maple Point    (13 km)

Campbell    (14 km)

Diona    (15 km)

Trilla    (15 km)

Union Center    (16 km)

Vevay Park    (16 km)

Gila    (18 km)

Hazel Dell    (19 km)

Point Pleasant    (19 km)

Newby    (20 km)

Churches nearby

Morton Chapel    (4 km)

Salem Church    (4 km)

Bradbury Free Methodist Church    (6 km)

Jewett Community Church    (7 km)

Harmony Friends Church    (8 km)

Presbyterian Church    (8 km)

Shiloh Church    (9 km)

Mount Zion Baptist Church    (10 km)

Liberty Hill United Methodist Church    (11 km)

Jack Oak Church of God    (12 km)

Mullen Church    (12 km)

Pleasant Valley Church    (12 km)

Roslyn United Methodist Church    (12 km)

Whitehall Church    (12 km)

Brush Creek Church    (13 km)

Harmon Chapel    (13 km)

Lincoln Church    (13 km)

Mount Zion Church    (13 km)

Hayes Chapel    (14 km)

Good Prospect Cumberland Presbyterian Church    (15 km)

Church of Christ    (16 km)

Coffeeville Church    (16 km)

Mount Tabor Church    (17 km)

Kerns Chapel    (18 km)

Long Point Church    (18 km)

Christian Church of Neoga    (19 km)

Grace United Methodist Church    (19 km)

Washington Evangelical United Brethren Church    (19 km)

Etna United Methodist Church    (20 km)

Fairfield Church    (20 km)

Macedonia Baptist Church    (20 km)

Zion Chapel United Brethren Church    (20 km)